November 27, 2018
Pamala Wiepking, Visiting Stead Family Chair in International Philanthropy and Associate Professor of Philanthropic Studies, Lilly Family School of Philanthropy
"Global Philanthropy: How Institutional Factors Enable Philanthropic Giving" (coauthors: Femida Handy, Sohyun Park, Michaela Neumayr, René Bekkers, Beth Breeze, Chris Einolf, Zbignev Gricevic, Wendy Scaife with Steffen Bethmann, Oonagh Breen, Chulhee Kang, Hagai Katz, Irina Krasnopolskaya, Michael D. Layton, Irina Mersianova, Kuang-Ta Lo, Una Osili, Anne Birgitta Pessi, Karl-Henrik Sivesind, Arjen de Wit and Naoto Yamauchi)
Abstract: Very little is known about how institutional factors influence individual philanthropic behavior. We fill this gap by examining how the institutionalization of philanthropy is associated with an individual’s philanthropic giving across nineteen different countries. We posit that individual philanthropic giving is higher in a country where philanthropy is strongly legitimized by regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive elements. To test our hypotheses, we utilize a unique individual-level database on the incidence and level of philanthropic giving in these countries, the International Individual Philanthropy Database. Although correlational findings indicate strong relationships between our measures of institutionalization and the individual likelihood of giving and amounts donated, the results from multi-level analyses indicate that only regulative elements in the form of a combined egalitarian and pragmatic fiscal incentive system and normative elements in the form of an established fundraising regime have a positive relationship with philanthropic giving.